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锛侰hinese manufacturing 2025锛 standard 锛俹f German indust

            "China made 2025" planning for China to build a modern industrial power to portray a clear roadmap. Some people say that this plan and the German industrial 4 "have different approaches but equally satisfactory results in" 4 "in the same development ahead of the United States also has its own" industrial Internet strategic planning. In the ever-changing automotive industry, new energy vehicles and smart cars have become the main trend of the future development, China, Germany and the United States have developed an ambitious new energy vehicle development goals and strategies.
China and Germany, the United States and the United States, "industry 4" each has its characteristics
One, the German industry 4":
           The industry in Germany in 4 is considered to be the fourth industrial revolution, the German government announced in November 2011 the "2020" high technology strategy in a strategy, research and innovation to support the industrial field of a new generation of revolutionary technology, maintain the international competitiveness of germany. In April 2013, German manufacturers association, machinery and information technology, communications and new media association, the German electrical and Electronic Manufacturers Association Co established the industry 4 Platform ", and submit the final report of the working group --" platform to safeguard the future of manufacturing in Germany -- Suggestions on the implementation of industrial 4 strategy to the German government ". Report suggested that the German industrial 4 shift need to adopt a dual strategy, that is, Germany to become the main supplier of intelligent manufacturing technology and CPS (Information Technology) technology and products leading market.
 
          1 essence is based on the "information system" to achieve "intelligent plant""
The first industrial revolution began in the second half of eighteenth Century achieved by the steam engine Machinery Factory; the second industrial revolution began in the second half of nineteenth Century with the power to implement large-scale mass production; the third industrial revolution began in the second half of twentieth Century to realize the automation of manufacturing industry through the electrical and information technology. The fourth industrial revolution, industry 4, in fact, is to achieve the smart factory". Industry 4 will be further evolution based on the previous three industrial revolution, Physical System based on the new information system (Cyber) to achieve new manufacturing methods. The information refers to the physical system is closely connected to the real world through the sensor network, the advanced computing power of cyberspace effectively applied to the real world, and in the manufacturing process, and design, development and production of all relevant data will be collected by the sensor and analyzed the formation of self operated intelligent production systems.
2 core is the dynamic configuration of the mode of production
 
             Industrial 4 report describes the dynamic configuration of production is mainly engaged in operating the robot (workstation) through the network real-time access to all relevant information, and according to the information content, independent switching mode of production and the replacement of production materials, thereby adjusting the most matching mode of production. Dynamic configuration of production can be achieved for each customer, each product of different design, components, product orders, production planning, manufacturing, logistics and distribution, eliminate waste throughout the chain link. Different from the traditional mode of production, the dynamic allocation of the production mode in the production before or during the production process, are able to change the initial design.
For example, the current car production is mainly in accordance with the prior design of the production line of the process of production line. Although there are some mixed mode production, but the production process, must be in the production of a large number of mechanical components, so will not achieve the diversification of product design. Manage the production line MES (Manufacturing Execution System) should have more flexibility to the production line, but by the number of production lines constitute mechanical hardware constraints, can not play a more functional role is very limited. At the same time, in different production line operation of the workers distributed in each workshop, they will not grasp the entire production process, so it can only play a role in a fixed work. As a result, it is difficult to meet the needs of customers in real time. The concept of fixed production line disappeared in the smart factory which was depicted in the 4 industry, and the modular production mode, which can be dynamically and organically re formed, was adopted.
For example, the production module can be regarded as an "information physical system", the assembly of the car can be self in the production module between the shuttle, to accept the required assembly operations. Among them, if the production, parts supply bottlenecks, the timely scheduling of other models of production resources or spare parts, continue to produce. It is for each model to choose the appropriate production module for dynamic assembly operations. In this dynamic configuration of production mode, can play MES comprehensive management originally function, dynamic management design, assembly and testing of the whole production process, not only ensure the production equipment running efficiency, and can make the production type diversification.
3 the primary objective is to plant standardization
 
One side of Germany's industrial influence is "standardization" ". PLC programming language of international standards IEC61131-3 (PLCopen) is mainly from German companies; the popularity of the field of communications CAN, Profibus, and EtherCAT are all born in germany.
Industrial 4 Working Group believes that the implementation of the industrial 4 need to take action in 8 key areas. One of the first areas is "standardization" and "reference architecture" ". Standardization work focuses on all aspects of the smart plant ecological chain to develop cooperation mechanisms to determine which information can be used to exchange. To this end, the industrial 4 will develop a package of common standards, so that cooperation mechanisms become possible, and through a series of standards (such as the cost of